The following are standards of student conduct established by the School Board for all students. The consequences of any act are determined on the basis of the facts presented in each situation in the reasonable discretion of the Board, its designated committees and other appropriate school officials.


    1.        Assault and Battery


A student shall not assault or commit battery upon another person on school property, on school buses or during school activities on or off school property.


An assault is a threat of bodily injury.


A battery is any bodily hurt, however slight, done to another in an angry, rude or vengeful manner.


    2.        Attendance; Truancy


Students shall attend school on a regular and punctual basis unless otherwise excused in accordance with School Board policy or regulation. (See Policy JED Student Absences/Excuses/Dismissals.)


If a student who is under 18 years of age has 10 or more unexcused absences from school on consecutive school days, the principal may notify the juvenile and domestic relations court, which may take action to suspend the studentís driverís license.


    3.        Bomb Threats


Students shall not engage in any illegal conduct involving firebombs, explosive or incendiary materials or devices or hoax explosive devices or chemical bombs as defined in the Code of Virginia. Moreover, students shall not make any threats or false threats to bomb school personnel or school property.


    4.        Bullying


A student, either individually or as a part of a group, shall not bully others either in person or by the use of any communication technology including computer systems, telephones, pagers, or instant messaging systems. Prohibited conduct includes, but is not limited to, physical, verbal, or written intimidation, taunting, name-calling, and insults and any combination of prohibited activities.


"Bullying" means any aggressive and unwanted behavior that is intended to harm, intimidate, or humiliate the victim; involves a real or perceived power imbalance between the aggressor or aggressors and victim; and is repeated over time or causes severe emotional trauma. "Bullying" includes cyber bullying. "Bullying" does not include ordinary teasing, horseplay, argument or peer conflict.


The principal notifies the parent of any student involved in an alleged incident of bullying of the status of any investigation within five school days of the allegation of bullying.


    5.        Bus-Related Offenses


Students shall not behave in a disruptive manner or otherwise violate these Standards of Conduct while waiting for a school bus, while on a school bus or after being discharged from a school bus.


    6.        Cheating


Students are expected to perform honestly on schoolwork and tests. The following actions are prohibited:

         cheating on a test or assigned work by giving, receiving, offering and/or soliciting information

         plagiarizing by copying the language, structure, idea and/or thoughts of another

         falsifying statements on any assigned schoolwork, tests or other school documents


    7.        Communication Devices


Students may possess a beeper, cellular telephone, smart phone, tablet, Personal Digital Assistant (PDA) or other communications device on school property, including school buses, provided that the device must remain off and out of sight during instructional time unless it is being used for instructional purposes at the direction of the studentís teacher.


At no time may any device be used with an unfiltered connection to the Internet.


The division is not liable for devices brought to school or school activities.


If a student possesses or uses such a device other than as permitted in this policy, in addition to other disciplinary sanctions which may be imposed, the device may be confiscated from the student and returned only to the studentís parent.


    8.        Defiance of the Authority of School Personnel


Students shall comply with any oral or written instructions made by school personnel within the scope of their authority as provided by Board policies and regulations.


    9.        Disruptive Conduct


Students are entitled to a learning environment free of unnecessary disruption. Any physical or verbal disturbance which interrupts or interferes with teaching and orderly conduct of school activities, is prohibited.


  10.        Extortion


No student may obtain or attempt to obtain anything of value from another by using a threat of any kind.





  11.        Felony Charges


Students charged with any offense, wherever committed, that would be a felony if committed by an adult may be disciplined and/or required to participate in prevention/ intervention activities.


  12.        Fighting


Exchanging mutual physical contact between two or more persons by pushing, shoving or hitting with or without injury is prohibited.


  13.        Gambling


A student shall not bet money or other things of value, or knowingly play or participate in any game involving such a bet, on school property, on school buses or during any school related activity.


  14.        Gang Activity


Gang-related activity is not tolerated. Symbols of gang membership are expressly prohibited (i.e., clothing that symbolizes association, rituals associated with, or activities by an identified group of students). (See Policy JFCE Gang Activity or Association.)


  15.        Harassment


A student shall not harass another student or any school employee, volunteer, student teacher or any other person present in school facilities or at school functions. (See Policy JFHA/GBA Prohibition Against Harassment and Retaliation).


  16.        Hazing


Students shall not engage in hazing.


Hazing means to recklessly or intentionally endanger the health or safety of a student or students or to inflict bodily harm on a student or students in connection with or for the purpose of initiation, admission into or affiliation with or as a condition for continued membership in a club, organization, association, fraternity, sorority, or student body regardless of whether the student or students so endangered or injured participated voluntarily in the relevant activity.


The principal of any school at which hazing which causes bodily injury occurs shall report the hazing to the local Commonwealth Attorney.


  17.        Internet Use


Students shall abide by the Alleghany County School Divisionís Acceptable Computer Use Policy and Regulation. (See Policy IIBEA Acceptable Computer System Use.)


  18.        Laser Pointers


Students shall not have in their possession laser pointers.


  19.        Other Conduct


In addition to these specific standards, students shall not engage in any conduct which materially and substantially disrupts the ongoing educational process or which is otherwise a violation of federal, state or local law.


  20.        Possession or Use of Weapons or Other Dangerous Articles


Students shall not have in their possession any type of unauthorized firearm or other dangerous weapon or device. (See Policy JFCD Weapons in School.)


  21.        Profane, Obscene or Abusive Language or Conduct


Students shall not use vulgar, profane or obscene language or gestures or engage in conduct that is vulgar, profane, obscene or disrupts the teaching and learning environment.


  22.        Reports of Conviction or Adjudication of Delinquency


Any student for whom the superintendent has received a report pursuant to Va. Code ß 16.1-305.1 of an adjudication of delinquency or a conviction for an offense listed in subsection G of Va. Code ß 16.1-260 may be suspended or expelled.


  23.        Stalking


Students shall not engage in a pattern of behavior that places another person in fear of serious harm.


  24.        Student Dress


Students are expected to dress appropriately for a K-12 educational environment. Any clothing that interferes with or disrupts the educational environment is unacceptable. Clothing with language or images that are vulgar, discriminatory, or obscene, or clothing that promotes illegal or violent conduct, such as the unlawful use of weapons, drugs, alcohol, tobacco products, nicotine vapor products, or drug paraphernalia or clothing that contains threats such as gang symbols is prohibited.


Clothing should fit, be neat and clean, and conform to standards of safety, good taste and decency. Clothing that exposes cleavage, private parts, the midriff, or undergarments, or that is otherwise sexually provocative, is prohibited. Examples of prohibited clothing include, but are not limited to: sagging or low-cut pants, low-cut necklines that show cleavage, tube tops, halter tops, backless blouses or blouses with only ties in the back, clothing constructed of see-through materials and head coverings unless required for religious or medical purposes.


Additionally, disciplinary action will be taken against any student taking part in gang-related activities that are disruptive to the school environment, which include the display of any apparel, jewelry, accessory, tattoo, or manner of grooming that, by virtue of its color, arrangement, trademark, or any other attribute, denotes membership in a gang that advocates illegal or disruptive behavior.


Parents of students requiring accommodation for religious beliefs, disabilities, or other good causes should contact the principal.


Students not complying with this policy will be asked to cover the noncomplying clothing, change clothes or go home.


  25.        Theft


A student shall not intentionally take or attempt to take the personal property of another person by force, fear or other means.


  26.        Threats or Intimidation


Students shall not make any verbal, written, or physical threat of bodily injury or use of force directed toward another person. Students shall not use electronic technology or communication devices, such as the internet or cell phones, to intimidate or threaten for any reason.


  27.        Trespassing


Students shall not trespass on school property or use school facilities without proper authority or permission, or during a period of suspension or expulsion.


  28.        Use and/or Possession of Alcohol, Tobacco Products, Nicotine Vapor Products, Anabolic Steroids, and Other Drugs


A student shall not possess, use, or distribute any of the restricted substances listed below on school property, on school buses or during school activities, on or off school property.


A student shall not attempt to possess, use, consume, procure and/or purchase, any of the restricted substances listed below or what is represented by or to the student to be any of the restricted substances listed below or what the student believes is any of the restricted substances listed below.


A student shall not be under the influence of any of the restricted substances listed below, regardless of whether the studentís condition amounts to legal intoxication.


Restricted substances include but are not limited to alcohol, tobacco products as defined in Policy JFCH Tobacco Products and Nicotine Vapor Products, nicotine vapor products as defined in Policy JFCH Tobacco Products and Nicotine Vapor Products, inhalant products, and other controlled substances defined in the Drug Control Act, Chapter 15.1 of Title 54 of the Code of Virginia, such as anabolic steroids, stimulants, depressants, hallucinogens, marijuana, imitation and look-alike drugs, drug paraphernalia and any prescription or non-prescription drug possessed in violation of School Board policy.


The School Board may require any student who has been found in possession of, or under the influence of, drugs or alcohol in violation of School Board policy to undergo evaluation for drug or alcohol abuse, or both, and, if recommended by the evaluator and with the consent of the student's parent, to participate in a treatment program.


In addition to any other consequences which may result, a student who is a member of a school athletic team will be ineligible for two school years to compete in interscholastic athletic competition if the school principal and the division superintendent determine that the student used anabolic steroids during the training period immediately preceding or during the sport season of the athletic team, unless such steroid was prescribed by a licensed physician for a medical condition.


  29.        Vandalism


Students shall not willfully or maliciously damage or deface any school building or other property owned or under the control of the School Board. In addition, students shall not willfully or maliciously damage or deface property belonging to or under the control of any other person at school, on a school bus or at school-sponsored events.




The following corrective actions are among those available to the school administration for violation of the Student Code of Conduct. The facts and circumstances of each offense are considered fully in determining reasonable corrective actions.


1.    Counseling

2.    Admonition

3.    Reprimand

4.    Loss of privileges, including access to the School Divisionís computer system

5.    Parental conferences

6.    Modification of student classroom assignment or schedule

7.    Student behavior contract

8.    Referral to student assistance services

9.    Removal from class

10.  Initiation of child study process

11.  Referral to in-school intervention, mediation, or community service programs

12.  Tasks or restrictions assigned by the principal or his designee

13.  Detention after school or before school

14.  Suspension from school-sponsored activities or events prior to, during, or after the regular school day

15.  In-school suspension

16.  Out-of-school suspension

17.  Referral to an alternative education program

18.  Notification of legal authority where appropriate

19.  Recommendation for expulsion including recommendation for expulsion for possessing a firearm, destructive device, firearm muffler, firearm silencer or pneumatic gun on school property or at a school-sponsored event and recommendation for expulsion for having brought a controlled substance, imitation controlled substance or marijuana onto school property or to a school sponsored activity

20.  Evaluation for alcohol or drug abuse

21.  Participation in a drug, alcohol or violence intervention, prevention or treatment program



Adopted:††††††††† June 24, 2019



Legal Refs.:††† Code of Virginia, 1950, as amended, ßß 18.2-56, 18.2-83, 18.2-85, 18.2-87.1, 18.2-119, 18.2-308, 18.2-308.1, 18.2-308.7, 18.2-371.2, 18.2-433.1, 22.1-70.2, 22.1-78, 22.1-202, 22.1-253.13:7.C.3, 22.1-276.3, 22.1-277, 22.1-277.07:1, 22.1-277.08, 22.1-277.2, 22.1-279.1, 22.1-279.6, 46.2-323, 46.2-334.001.


Student Code of Conduct Policy Guidelines (Virginia Board of Education October 2013).

Information Brief: Cyberbullying and School Policy (Virginia Department of Education August 2008).


Cross Refs.:††† CLA†††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Reporting Acts of Violence and Substance Abuse

††††††††††††††††††††††† ECAB††††††††††††††††††††††††† Vandalism

††††††††††††††††††††††† GAB/IIBEA††††††††††††††††† Acceptable Computer System Use

††††††††††††††††††††††† GAB-R/IIBEA-R††††††††† Acceptable Computer System Use Regulation

††††††††††††††††††††††† IEA††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Pledge of Allegiance

††††††††††††††††††††††† IGAG†††††††††††††††††††††††††† Teaching About Drugs, Alcohol and Tobacco

††††††††††††††††††††††† JED†††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Student Absences/Excuses/Dismissals

JFC†††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Student Conduct

††††††††††††††††††††††† JFCD††††††††††††††††††††††††† Weapons in School

††††††††††††††††††††††† JFCE†††††††††††††††††††††††††† Gang Activity or Association

††††††††††††††††††††††† JFCF†††††††††††††††††††††††††† Drugs in School

JFCH/GBEC/KBC††††† Tobacco Products and Nicotine Vapor Products

JFHA/GBA††††††††††††††††† Prohibition Against Harassment and Retaliation

††††††††††††††††††††††† JGA†††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Corporal Punishment

††††††††††††††††††††††† JGD/JGE††††††††††††††††††† Student Suspension/Expulsion

††††††††††††††††††††††† JGDA††††††††††††††††††††††††† Disciplining Students with Disabilities

JGDB††††††††††††††††††††††††† Discipline of Students with Disabilities for Infliction of Serious Bodily Injury

††††††††††††††††††††††† JHCD††††††††††††††††††††††††† Administering Medicines to Students

††††††††††††††††††††††† JN†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Student Fees, Fines and Charges